Foot Pain Causes: Ankle Sprains

What is an Ankle Sprain?

This is an injury to one or more ankle ligaments, which are typically on the outside of the ankle. The ligaments in the feet act like rubber bands that connect one bone to another. They are bands of tissue that binds the joints together. In the ankle joint, ligaments give stability by limiting side-to-side movement.

The ligament injury determines the severity of the ankle sprain. It would depend on whether the ligament is partially or completely torn, or it has been stretched. It is also important to note the number of ligaments involved. There is a difference between a sprained ankle and a strained one. Sprains affect the muscles instead of the ligaments.

 

What causes Ankle Sprain?

Ankle Sprains commonly result from a sudden twist, a fall, or a sudden blow that forces the ankle joint to move away from its normal position. ankle_sprain

Athletes and dancers often get ankle sprains, apart from a wide range of other injuries they might experience. It can also stem from wearing inappropriate shoes and even from running or walking on uneven surfaces.

The ankles can be weakened from previous ankle injuries and they can be naturally prone to ankle injuries if a person is born with weak ankles.

 

Signs and Symptoms
Here are some of the symptoms of an ankle sprain:

– Swelling

– Difficulty in walking

– Soreness or pain

– Stiffness in the joint

– Bruising

– In people who have previously experienced ankle sprains, swelling and pain might not occur, instead, they may just feel wobbly and unsteady in the ankles when they walk.

 

Treatment

Your foot and ankle doctor may recommend the following:

  1. The R.I.C.E. method

– you should perform this method until you are able to see a doctor or surgeon.

* Rest- stay off or avoid putting your weight on the injured ankle.

* Ice- place a thin towel between the ice pack and the skin and apply on the injured area. Apply ice for 20 minutes and then wait for another 40 minutes before you apply the ice again.

* Compression- control the swelling of your ankle with an elastic wrap.

* Elevation- to reduce the swelling, the ankle should be raised slightly above the level of the heart.

 

  1. Medications

– NSAIDs or Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen, might be recommended by your surgeon to reduce pain and inflammation. In other cases, prescription pain medications are required to provide adequate relief.

 

  1. Early Physical Therapy

– Prescribed exercises and a proper rehabilitation program will ensue to start the promotion of healing and to increase your range of motion.

 

  1. Surgery

– severe cases might require surgery to provide proper treatment to a sprained ankle. This entails repairing damaged ligaments or a number of them.

Shortly after surgery, rehabilitation must ensue to make sure that the surgery is successful. Continuous check ups will also be beneficial to ensure that the ankle heals properly and that the function is restored.

 

Prevention

Ankle sprains will happen eventually if you are not careful with your daily activities. Making sure that you wear proper footwear and watching where you step will prevent further ankle injuries.

 

Keep your feet and ankles safe, healthy, and happy!

Foot Pain Causes: Plantar Fasciitis

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

This foot ailment is the most common cause of heel pain. The thick band of tissue, called the “plantar fascia”, that connects your heel bone to your toes and runs along the bottom of your foot, is inflamed and causes pain to your foot.

plantar_fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is common among:

  • athletes, particularly runners,
  • middle-aged people,
  • people who are overweight,
  • People who wear shoes that don’t fit them It usually starts in the very first steps you take in the morning upon waking up. Usually, a stabbing pain upon standing and walking happens and then it gradually goes away as you go about your day but might come back if you allow yourself to stand in a prolonged amount of time.

 

What causes Plantar Fasciitis?

The main possible cause of plantar fascia is the repetitive stretching and tearing of the fascia but it can also be caused by other factors.

 

You might be at greater risk of developing this foot ailment if you are:

– obese or overweight

– women who are pregnant and have gained weight, especially during the late stages of pregnancy

– runners, particularly long distance runners

– your job requires you to be actively on your feet most of the day

– active men or women between the ages of 40-70 (slightly more common in women)

 

Other possible causes:

– if you have very flat feet or very high arches

– if you have tight Achilles tendons

– if you are fond of wearing shoes that might have soft soles but have poor arch support

 

Signs and Symptoms

If your regular daily routine forces you to be on your feet for a long time or if you are active in running and other sports involving your feet, you might have symptoms of plantar fasciitis if you experience stabbing pain in the bottom of your foot near the heel.

 

Treatment and Prevention

There are a number of treatments you can do if you have plantar fasciitis such as:

  1. Home Remedies
  • This typically entails you to stay off your feet and rest as well as applying ice if your feet is swollen. You can also do some stretching recommended for your feet.
  1. Medical Treatment
  • You can buy over the counter drugs that are anti-inflammatory and pain relievers. If the pain is severe, your doctor might recommend other medical procedures.
  1. Braces and Support
  • You can use night splints and special orthotics or arch supports. Check with your doctor for other kinds of support you can use.

 

Just remember, you need to consult your doctor first because the treatment would depend on the gravity of the pain. What you can do right now is to rest your feet when you get home from work and do some stretches. Keep your feet happy and healthy!