What is an Ankle Sprain?
This is an injury to one or more ankle ligaments, which are typically on the outside of the ankle. The ligaments in the feet act like rubber bands that connect one bone to another. They are bands of tissue that binds the joints together. In the ankle joint, ligaments give stability by limiting side-to-side movement.
The ligament injury determines the severity of the ankle sprain. It would depend on whether the ligament is partially or completely torn, or it has been stretched. It is also important to note the number of ligaments involved. There is a difference between a sprained ankle and a strained one. Sprains affect the muscles instead of the ligaments.
What causes Ankle Sprain?
Athletes and dancers often get ankle sprains, apart from a wide range of other injuries they might experience. It can also stem from wearing inappropriate shoes and even from running or walking on uneven surfaces.
The ankles can be weakened from previous ankle injuries and they can be naturally prone to ankle injuries if a person is born with weak ankles.
Signs and Symptoms
Here are some of the symptoms of an ankle sprain:
– Difficulty in walking
– Soreness or pain
– Stiffness in the joint
– In people who have previously experienced ankle sprains, swelling and pain might not occur, instead, they may just feel wobbly and unsteady in the ankles when they walk.
Your foot and ankle doctor may recommend the following:
- The R.I.C.E. method
– you should perform this method until you are able to see a doctor or surgeon.
* Rest- stay off or avoid putting your weight on the injured ankle.
* Ice- place a thin towel between the ice pack and the skin and apply on the injured area. Apply ice for 20 minutes and then wait for another 40 minutes before you apply the ice again.
* Compression- control the swelling of your ankle with an elastic wrap.
* Elevation- to reduce the swelling, the ankle should be raised slightly above the level of the heart.
– NSAIDs or Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen, might be recommended by your surgeon to reduce pain and inflammation. In other cases, prescription pain medications are required to provide adequate relief.
- Early Physical Therapy
– Prescribed exercises and a proper rehabilitation program will ensue to start the promotion of healing and to increase your range of motion.
– severe cases might require surgery to provide proper treatment to a sprained ankle. This entails repairing damaged ligaments or a number of them.
Shortly after surgery, rehabilitation must ensue to make sure that the surgery is successful. Continuous check ups will also be beneficial to ensure that the ankle heals properly and that the function is restored.
Ankle sprains will happen eventually if you are not careful with your daily activities. Making sure that you wear proper footwear and watching where you step will prevent further ankle injuries.
Keep your feet and ankles safe, healthy, and happy!